Spinning Applications and Markets
Swicofil is targeting many
different spinning markets
Prior to the Industrial
Revolution textiles were spun by hand
using a spinning wheel. Today most commercial yarns are produced in textile
spinning mills. Although the tools and techniques vary from hand spinning, most
of the processes are still the same. Industrial yarn spinning includes four
basic processes in order to manufacture yarn from the raw materials. These
materials will go through the following processes:
- Loosening and Cleaning
Most yarns are spun from staple
fibers made using one of three of systems- the Cotton Process, the Woolen
Process, and the Worsted Process. These processes vary only slightly from each
other and they all included the basic steps of Loosening and Cleaning, Carding,
Drawing and Spinning.
This process employs seven steps in the spinning process:
- Opening & Loosening
Opening & Loosening
Upon arrival at the mill the fiber bails are opened and loosened. This helps
separate and clean the fibers before it is fed into carding machines.
Carding machines further loosen and separate the fibers by passing them between
two rotating metal drums covered with wire needles. This aligns the fibers in a
thin web of parallel fibers which is formed into a ropelike strand called a
sliver. The sliver is collected in a sliver can in preparation for roving.
For high quality yarns the sliver is combed after carding to make the fibers
more parallel and remove smaller fibers.
Slivers are then drawn out, blending the fibers and making them more parallel.
No twist is added to the sliver during drawing. Several slivers can be blended
together during drawing. Slivers can go through multiple drawings for further
parallelization and blending.
Drawn out slivers are then fed to the roving frame where they are drawn further
while a slight twist is added. The roving strands are collected in cans and fed
to the spinning machine.
The spinning machine draws out the roving strand, adds twist, and winds the yarn
Multiple bobbins of yarn are then wound onto larger spools called cheeses. Now
the yarn is ready for texturing and dying, and finally weaving into fabric.